Napoli (Naples) meaning "New City" is the largest city in southern Italy and capital of Campania Region and the Province of Naples. All the great powers-from the Greeks and Romans to the British, French and Austrians-have aspired to control it; several of the continent’s more powerful rulers made it their capital. The history of Naples however, dates much further than Greek colonization. Etruscan and Samnites, native-Italic groups were in the area long before and it has been confirmed that the city was inhabited as early as the Stone Age (3500BC). Today, Naples is the most vibrant and exciting city in Italy, it is also the second most populous city, and the most important port after Genoa and the intellectual and commercial centre of the south. The animated and noisy town, bright with the southern sun, enjoys one of the more wonderful geographical situations in the world, spread out fanwise above its beautiful gulf.