The town is believed to date from the mid-12th century. Its position on the estuaries of the Stour and Orwell rivers and its usefulness to mariners as the only safe anchorage between the Thames and Humber led to a long period of maritime significance, both civil and military. The town was heavily fortified, with Harwich Redoubt, Beacon Hill Battery, and Bath Side Battery. Many operations of the large container port at Felixstowe and of Trinity House, the lighthouse authority, are managed from Harwich, and a new container port in Bathside Bay has been proposed. Harwich today is contiguous with Dovercourt and the two along with Parkeston are often referred to collectively as Harwich.
Nearby places include Felixstowe to the northeast, Ipswich to the northwest and Colchester to the southwest. The town is believed to date from the mid-12th century.
Cuxhaven is an independent town and seat of the Cuxhaven district in Lower Saxony, Germany, situated on the shore of the North Sea at the mouth of the Elbe River. Its town quarters Duhnen, Döse and Sahlenburg are especially popular vacation spots on the North Sea.
The origins of tourism in this area date back to 1816 when a seaside resort was founded in Cuxhaven, and Cuxhaven has been a state-recognised climate seaside resort and centre of the holiday region of Cuxland ever since 1964. With just over 50,000 citizens, Cuxhaven is not a very large city. However, the area boasts roughly 3 million booked nights a year, making it one of the largest seaside resorts in Germany.
The fishing industry and the harbour are the two other main traditional businesses in Cuxhaven. The city has made great investments in the modernisation and expansion of the port facilities during the recent years.