Split is the largest and most important city in Dalmatia, the administrative center of Croatia's Split-Dalmatia county.
The city is situated on a small peninsula on the eastern shores of the Adriatic Sea. Although the beginnings of Split are usually linked to the building of Diocletian's Palace, there is evidence that this area was inhabited as a Greek colony even earlier.
Diocletian was a Roman emperor who ruled between AD 284 and 305 and was known for his reforms and persecution of Christians. He ordered the work on the palace to begin in 293 in readiness for his retirement from politics in 305.
Today, Split is a city who's economy relies mostly on trade and tourism. There are also some old industries undergoing a much needed revival, such as agriculture (fishing, olive, wine production), paper, concrete, and chemicals.