Turku is the oldest city and the first capital of the whole country. Today it is the capital of its region, the Southwest Finland. The name originates from a Slavic word "torg" - meaning a market place. The Swedish name for the town is Åbo - referring to the first settlers by the river, "å". Turku was born along the river Aura and it is one of the best attractions of the town. During the past centuries it has met with wars and invasions, fires, pests and other calamities. After the Great fire that destroyed nearly the whole city centre in 1827, it emerged from the ashes with renewed vigour. The zcars architect C.L. Engel gave the town a new townplan and some stately buildings. Turku has a lively and versatile cultural life: several theatres, a city philharmonic orchestra, chamber music, jazz & rock etc. The Turku Music Festival and rockfestival Ruisrock are among the oldest in Finland and even in whole Scandinavia.